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Rupture discs are, next to safety valves, the most commonly used pressure protection devices in industrial plants. They protect vessels and pipelines from deformation and other damage. The main objective is to optimally protect and, at the same time, minimise the downtime of the system.

Rupture discs are safety devices with a defined breaking point, which respond to a specific pressure and are used for pressure relief in the most diverse range of applications. They are used to protect against overpressure or vacuum within a process, for the protection of man, environment and machine. Originally a very simple solution, rupture discs have evolved enormously in response to growing industry requirements such as alternating pressures or higher process temperatures, and the increasing technologisation of processes in recent years. The biggest advantage over electronic, pneumatic, or spring loaded safety systems is the failsafe performance of rupture discs - this makes them the most economical and most important safety device in industrial enterprises. High reliability is important to prevent unnecessary downtime of the system. However, how failsafe a rupture disc is significantly depends on the workmanship and the material used.

The advantages of bursting discs

  • Immediate response – nothing responds faster than a rupture disc. Unwanted overpressure and vacuum are relieved in milliseconds.
  • Complete release of the relief area – maximum opening cross-section for quick and safe pressure relief.
  • Leakproof – prevents process media from escaping during normal operation, reducing the costs and impact associated with such losses.
  • Economical solution – significant cost savings compared to other pressure protections.
Reliable and economical bursting discs are not standardized products, but are always individually tailored to the respective process conditions by our specialists. Numerous parameters are taken into account for production in order to ensure optimum functionality.
These include, for example:
Plant element to be protected, process medium, operating pressure, vacuum, pulsation, bursting pressure, bursting temperature, required nominal width, mass flow to be discharged

Design of rupture discs

Rupture discs for pressure relief are round or square, consist of one or more layers, and are either flat or domed. Many rupture discs are equipped with breaking points which are created for example, by means of lasers. These can be simple cuts or even special geometries. This part of the rupture discs is known as the rupture element. Different applications require different types of rupture discs. They are made of metals or plastics, from one or more layers, and they can be domed or flat. Domed rupture discs either have the dome towards the process (reverse acting rupture disc), or away from the process (forward acting rupture discs). Within these different varieties, there is a broad range of possible combinations.

For example, plastic film is sandwiched between metal layers for triple section rupture discs, in order to reach even the lowest burst pressures. The materials used range from various stainless steels to higher quality materials such as Inconel, Hastelloy, or Tantalum, and all the way up to coatings or plastic liners such as PTFE or FEP.

Rupture discs are either installed directly between flanges, or inserted into a corresponding rupture disc holder, which is then mounted between flanges. In some cases the rupture disc is already soldered or welded into the holder by the manufacturer. These holders are then fitted with the necessary connections, e.g. thread (NPT, G or customer-specific thread, connection systems (e.g. VCR) or various flanges (ISO-K, KF, ISO-F, CF)).

A large number of rupture discs and other safety devices are installed in industrial plants. A broad range of signalling options are available, to immediately receive information about the triggering (opening) of a rupture disc. The easiest way to achieve this is with a tripping wire which is fixed on the rupture disc, and is connected to the process control system. With the opening of the bursting disc, the wire breaks, the circuit is interrupted and the triggering of the rupture disc is communicated to the process control system. If there are particularly high demands for leak-tightness, non-invasive signalling methods (e.g. magnetic proximity sensor NIMU) are used.

Key Technical figures of rupture discs

The diameter of the rupture discs is specified matching the diameter of pipes or flanges as the nominal pipe size DN (Diamètre nominal) in the European context, or as NPS (Nominal Pipe Size) in other regions.

Burst pressure (also referred to as set pressure)
This is the pressure at which the rupture disc opens. It is selected in such a manner, that the rupture disc opens before there is any system damage. The burst pressure is above the prevailing pressure during normal operation (also referred to as working pressure or process pressure) and below the pressure resistance (MAWP) of the respective system. Example: At an operating pressure (working pressure) of 1 bar and a 2 bar pressure resistance (MAWP) of the system, the burst pressure is at max. 2 bar or lower, depending on the type of rupture disc.

Burst tolerance
Defines the tolerance around the defined burst pressure, which opens the rupture disc. If a rupture disc type has a burst tolerance of +/-10%, and the defined burst pressure is 1 bar, the rupture disc will open between 900 mbar and 1.1 bar. Depending on the valid or applied rules and regulations the burst tolerance is at +/-10% (e.g. Pressure Equipment Directive 2014/68/EC), or +/-5% (e.g. ASME section VIII, Division 1), or +/-3% for very high burst pressures. Other burst tolerances are possible depending on the requirements of the respective process.

What should I be aware of when selecting a rupture disc?

Reliable and cost-effective REMBE® rupture discs are not standardised products. Our specialists always adapt them individually to the specific operating conditions of your processes. We consider a wide range of parameters to ensure that every rupture disc functions perfectly

These parameters include:
 The plant components to be protected
 Process medium
 Operating pressure
 Burst pressure
 Burst temperature
  Nominal size required
  Mass flow to be discharged

Type classification of rupture discs

Reverse acting rupture disc
The dome of the rupture disc faces the process and enables very high operating pressures (see also: key technical information on rupture discs) and a very high operating pressure ratio.

Forward acting rupture discs
The dome of the rupture discs is faced away from the process.

Compact rupture discs
These are usually very small nominal pipe size of reverse-acting or forward acting rupture discs which are often adhesively bonded or soldered to the housing / holder.

Any Questions?
We would be happy to show you solutions tailored to your process that limit the effects of an explosion to a harmless level and ensure that production can be resumed quickly after an explosion event.
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